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Lipid / Cholesterol Disorders & Obesity

What are the Different Types of Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is carried through the blood, attached to proteins. This combination of cholesterol and proteins is called a lipoprotein. There are different types of cholesterol based on the type of cholesterol that the lipoprotein carries:
– Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
LDL or “bad” cholesterol transports cholesterol particles throughout the body. LDL cholesterol can build up in the walls of the arteries, making them hard and narrow.
– High-density lipoprotein (HDL)
HDL or “good” cholesterol picks up excess cholesterol and takes it back to the liver.


What are the Symptoms of High Cholesterol Level?

High cholesterol level has no symptoms. A blood test is the only way to detect high cholesterol level.


What are the Causes of High LDL Cholesterol Level?

High LDL cholesterol level can be inherited, but it is often the result of unhealthy lifestyle choices – physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and obesity.


What are the Risk Factors for High LDL Cholesterol Level?

Factors that may increase the risk of high LDL cholesterol level include:
     – Poor diet (eating saturated fat and foods high in cholesterol)
     – Obesity (having a body mass index of 30 or greater)
     – Lack of exercise
     – Cigarette smoking
     – Diabetes mellitus


What can High LDL Cholesterol Lead to?

High LDL cholesterol level can cause atherosclerosis, a dangerous accumulation of cholesterol and other deposits on the walls of the arteries.
These deposits (plaques) can reduce blood flow through the arteries, which can cause complications, such as chest pain, heart attack and stroke.


How is High Cholesterol Level Diagnosed?

Cholesterol level is checked via a blood test.
The lipid panel or profile typically reports:
     – Total cholesterol
     – LDL (bad) cholesterol
     – HDL (good) cholesterol
     – Triglycerides (a type of fat in the blood)
For the most accurate measurement of cholesterol levels, the individual tested should not eat or drink anything (other than water) for 9 to 12 hours before the blood sample is taken.

Evaluation and management of lipid / cholesterol disorders

Evaluation and management of overweight and obesity